Resources for

Nature-based Solutions

Funding

: Mar 11 – Apr 14, 2024

FY25 Congressionally Directed Spending / Community Project Funding (Sen. Blumenthal & Sen. Murphy)

Congressionally Directed Spending requests, also known as Community Project Funding or Earmarks, are funding requests for high-impact, Connecticut-based projects that can be completed with assistance from the federal government. The project must meet the eligibility requirements for at least one of the accounts listed.

Flooding
Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Stormwater Management
Infrastructure
Waste Management
Green Infrastructure

Funding

: Feb 22 – Apr 10, 2024

$100,000 - $10M

National Coastal Resilience Fund 2024

The NCRF is a national program with the goal of enhancing protection for coastal communities from the impacts of storms, floods, and other natural coastal hazards and to improve habitats for fish and wildlife. This year, NFWF will award approximately $140 million in grants for the planning, design, and implementation of natural and nature-based solutions.

Erosion
Flooding
Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Aquatic Resources
Extreme Weather & Storms
Community Engagement
Wetlands

Guidance Tool

CTDEEP Tidal Wetlands Guidance Document

The CTDEEP document provides information about the many ways individuals, property owners, and communities can help protect Connecticut’s tidal wetlands.  

Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Wetlands

Funding

: Oct 12 – Dec 15, 2023

$800M total available

FY23 Flood Mitigation Assistance Grant Program – New York

The Flood Mitigation Assistance grant program is a competitive program that provides funding to states, federally recognized Tribal governments, U.S. territories, and local governments. Since the National Flood Insurance Reform Act of 1994 was signed into law, funds are used for projects that reduce or eliminate the risk of repetitive flood damage to buildings insured by the National Flood Insurance Program.

Flooding
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Stormwater Management
Infrastructure
Planning
Extreme Weather & Storms
Wetlands
Green Infrastructure

Funding

: Oct 12 – Dec 15, 2023

$1B total available

FY23 Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities Grants (BRIC) – New York

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC) grant program will support states, local communities, tribes and territories as they undertake hazard mitigation projects, reducing the risks they face from disasters and natural hazards. The BRIC program’s guiding principles are to support communities through capability and capacity building, encourage and enable innovation; promote partnerships, enable large projects, maintain flexibility, and provide consistency.

Flooding
Nature-based Solutions
Environmental Health Hazards
Sea Level Rise
Stormwater Management
Infrastructure
Planning
Extreme Weather & Storms
Green Infrastructure

Funding

: May 19, 2024

up to $9,950

Long Island Sound Resilience Grant Writing Assistance Program

New York Sea Grant and Connecticut Sea Grant will provide grant preparation and writing capacity to New York and Connecticut communities that are pursuing funding for sustainability and resilience focused projects. This program aims to help communities develop successful sustainability and resilience focused project grant proposals and for municipalities and community organizations to develop capacity for navigating the funding landscape. 

Water Quality
Green Infrastructure
Marine Debris
Waste Management
Wetlands
Community Engagement
Policies & Regulations
Extreme Weather & Storms
Recreation & Access
Planning
Incentive Programs
Infrastructure
Erosion
Stormwater Management
Environmental Justice
Economic Impacts
Aquatic Resources
Sea Level Rise
Environmental Health Hazards
Nature-based Solutions
Land Use
Habitat
Flooding

Funding

: Nov 28 – Feb 24, 2024

up to $50,000

New York Climate Resilience Grant Program

The Climate Resilience Grant Program (CRGP) offers grants for projects that contribute to a world where people and nature can thrive. The goal of the program is to support partners in protecting the lands and waters critical for adapting to climate change. As climate change drives ecosystem instability, plants and animals are shifting their ranges northward. TNC has resources to support the conservation of climate resilient lands.

Erosion
Flooding
Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Planning
Wetlands
Green Infrastructure

Mapper

Level of Effort:

Connecticut Sea Level Rise Effects on Roads & Marshes

To better understand how Connecticut’s coastal area marshes and roads may respond to sea level rise (SLR), Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM) was applied to Connecticut’s shoreline by Warren Pinnacle Consulting, Inc. This viewer displays the model’s results for Connecticut’s 21 largest marshes and all coastal area roads. For marshes, SLAMM was run two hundred times using alternative model inputs for key model parameters, including various SLR scenarios, to produce probability based results of likely future marsh conditions. For roads, the model uses a single SLR scenario of about 4.2 feet by 2100 from the base year of 2002. The Sea Level Rise Effects on Roads and Marshes projects is a project between CT DEEP and UConn CLEAR.

Erosion
Flooding
Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Infrastructure
Extreme Weather & Storms
Wetlands

Guidance Tool

Level of Effort:

LINAP Embayment Water Exchange Study

The LINAP Embayment Water Exchange Study looked at how water exchange practices could affect the nitrogen impairments in embayments. A water exchange practice changes the amount, speed, or direction of water moving through an area. The results of the study show that water exchange techniques are not effective in large waterbodies like most of Long Island’s embayments. Often, the physical size of the water exchange practice is small compared to the large waterbodies to which they are applied, which means their impact is limited. Water exchange projects may be useful, however, for smaller Long Island waterbodies, where the volume of increased water exchange approaches the volume of the overall waterbody. The goal of the study was to provide communities with basic information on water exchange practices suitable for Long Island.

Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Water Quality
Waste Management

Funding

: May 14 – Jul 31, 2024

$50K-$3M

NYSDOS Local Waterfront Revitalization Program

Local Waterfront Revitalization Program provides grants to municipalities along New York’s coasts or designated inland waterways to advance the preparation or implementation of strategies for community and waterfront revitalization through the following grant categories: 1) Preparing or Updating a Local Waterfront Revitalization Program (LWRP), 2) Updating an LWRP to be more Resilient to Climate Risk,s 3) Preparing an LWRP Component, including a Watershed Management Plan, and 4) Implementing a Local Waterfront Revitalization Program or a completed LWRP Component.

Erosion
Flooding
Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Economic Impacts
Stormwater Management
Water Quality
Infrastructure
Planning
Recreation & Access
Extreme Weather & Storms
Policies & Regulations
Wetlands
Green Infrastructure

Funding

: Mar 1, 2024

$500

Long Island Garden Rewards Program

This program provides financial rewards for homeowners on Long Island who add green alternatives to their properties that reduce stormwater and nitrogen pollution entering Long Island Sound. Homeowners can be reimbursed for installing rain barrels, rain gardens, or native plantings on their properties. Funds are limited and available on a first come, first serve basis.

Nature-based Solutions
Incentive Programs
Green Infrastructure

Funding

: May 14 – Jul 31, 2024

NYSDEC Water Quality Improvement Project (WQIP) Program

The Water Quality Improvement Project (WQIP) program is a competitive, reimbursement grant program that funds projects that directly improve water quality or aquatic habitat, promote flood risk reduction, restoration, and enhanced flood and climate resiliency, or protect a drinking water source. Eligible project types includes: Wastewater Treatment Improvement, Nonagricultural Nonpoint Source Abatement and Control, Vacuum Trucks in Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) Areas, Land Acquisition for Source Water Protection, Salt Storage, Dam Safety Repair/Rehabilitation, Aquatic Connectivity Restoration, and Marine Habitat Restoration.

Flooding
Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Stormwater Management
Water Quality
Infrastructure
Wetlands
Waste Management
Green Infrastructure

Funding

: May 14 – Jul 31, 2024

$50K-$2M for implementation grants, $10K-200K for certification grants

NYS Climate Smart Communities

The Climate Smart Communities (CSC) Grant program was established in 2016 to provide 50/50 matching grants to cities, towns, villages, and counties of the State of New York for eligible climate change mitigation, adaptation, and planning and assessment projects. Funds are available for two broad project categories – implementation and certification. The first project category supports implementation projects related to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and climate change adaptation. The second supports planning and assessment projects aligned with NYS Climate Smart Communities certification actions.

Erosion
Flooding
Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Environmental Health Hazards
Sea Level Rise
Stormwater Management
Infrastructure
Incentive Programs
Planning
Extreme Weather & Storms
Policies & Regulations
Wetlands
Waste Management
Green Infrastructure

Funding

: May 19 – Jul 28, 2023

Up to $3M

Green Innovation Grant Program (GIGP)

The Green Innovation Grant Program (GIGP) supports projects across New York State that utilize unique EPA-designated green stormwater infrastructure design and create cutting-edge green technologies. Competitive grants are awarded annually to projects that improve water quality and mitigate the effects of climate change through the implementation of one or more of the following green practices: Green Stormwater Infrastructure, Energy Efficiency, Water Efficiency and Environmental Innovation.

Flooding
Nature-based Solutions
Stormwater Management
Water Quality
Wetlands
Green Infrastructure

Funding

: Apr 1 – Jun 7, 2024

$50,000-$250,000

Suffolk County Water Quality Protection and Restoration Program and Land Stewardship Initiative (WQPRP)

The Suffolk County Water Quality Improvement Division works to protect and improve Suffolk County’s ground and surface waters. The WQPRP provides funding to protect and restore surface and groundwater resources throughout the County. Funding is available for both planning/ engineering and construction expenses.

Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Stormwater Management
Water Quality
Infrastructure
Waste Management
Green Infrastructure

Funding

: Jan 1 – Apr 15, 2023

~$1,500

EPOC 2022 Environmental Grant Program

The EPOC Grant Program provides non-profit and not-for-profit environmental advocacy groups, community based groups and environmental education organizations funding for local projects that benefit the environment.

Erosion
Flooding
Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Environmental Health Hazards
Aquatic Resources
Environmental Justice
Stormwater Management
Water Quality
Community Engagement
Wetlands
Green Infrastructure

Funding

: May 4 – Jul 16, 2023

Over $4.5M available, divided by region

Connecticut Wetland Mitigation In Lieu Fee Program Grant

The National Audubon Society, Inc., through its state office, Audubon Connecticut, is the “sponsor” of a Connecticut “In Lieu Fee” (ILF) program. The program allows permittees to pay a fee in lieu of taking on mitigation themselves. Instead, local organizations like land trusts, and other environmental nonprofits, are given the opportunity to apply for and receive grant funding for the preservation, restoration, and enhancement of wetland and watercourse resources and associated upland buffers in the State of Connecticut.

Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Water Quality
Incentive Programs
Wetlands

Funding

: Nov 14 – Feb 2, 2024

up to $10,000

The Green Fund

The Green Fund seeks innovative proposals from committed organizations and individuals for activities that advance our mission which is to promote environmental quality, public health and equity in our community by providing grants and other incentives that contribute to a more environmentally sustainable future and reduce air, water and land pollution.

Flooding
Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Environmental Health Hazards
Sea Level Rise
Environmental Justice
Stormwater Management
Water Quality
Infrastructure
Incentive Programs
Planning
Recreation & Access
Wetlands

Funding

: May 19 – Feb 27, 2024

up to $2,000

The Connecticut Society for Women Environmental Professionals Grant Program

The Connecticut Society for Women Environmental Professionals Grant Program provides funding for local projects in Connecticut that benefit the environment. Grants of up to $2,000 will be awarded. Any application meeting the grant guidelines that is not successful in one cycle may reapply during any following cycle. The applications will be judged based on the environmental benefits of each project, in comparison to others. “Environmental benefits” can vary widely and successful applications have ranged from property clean-ups to environmental education.

Stormwater Management
Marine Debris
Wetlands
Community Engagement
Policies & Regulations
Extreme Weather & Storms
Recreation & Access
Planning
Incentive Programs
Infrastructure
Water Quality
Erosion
Environmental Justice
Economic Impacts
Aquatic Resources
Sea Level Rise
Environmental Health Hazards
Nature-based Solutions
Land Use
Habitat
Flooding

Funding

: Sep 20 – Mar 19, 2024

$1,000 - $4,000

Grow Grants Program

Awards small grants in support of grassroots efforts and community-based environmental work in New England. The Grassroots Fund utilizes participatory grantmaking to move resources to New England grassroots groups working at the intersections of Environmental Justice. The program is geared toward groups who have some experience implementing a project in their community. Grants support groups to deepen their work by further developing a community vision, lowering barriers to participation, identifying new stakeholders, and working to bring more voices and lived experiences into core decision-making processes.

Stormwater Management
Waste Management
Wetlands
Community Engagement
Policies & Regulations
Extreme Weather & Storms
Recreation & Access
Planning
Incentive Programs
Infrastructure
Water Quality
Erosion
Environmental Justice
Economic Impacts
Aquatic Resources
Sea Level Rise
Environmental Health Hazards
Nature-based Solutions
Land Use
Habitat
Flooding

Funding

: Nov 21 – Feb 8, 2024

max $500,000

DEEP Clean Water Act Section 319 Nonpoint Source Grants

Grants are awarded for projects that address Nonpoint Source impacts in surface waters including creation and implementation of approved Watershed Based Plans.

Stormwater Management
Waste Management
Wetlands
Community Engagement
Policies & Regulations
Extreme Weather & Storms
Recreation & Access
Planning
Infrastructure
Water Quality
Erosion
Environmental Justice
Aquatic Resources
Sea Level Rise
Environmental Health Hazards
Nature-based Solutions
Land Use
Habitat
Flooding

Funding

: May 19, 2024

Up to $5000

Community Match Fund

Sustainable CT’s Community Match Fund is an innovative program that provides fast, flexible funding and support for engaging your community on wide-ranging sustainability projects. Eligible projects receive dollar-for-dollar matching funds from Sustainable CT.

Stormwater Management
Waste Management
Wetlands
Community Engagement
Policies & Regulations
Extreme Weather & Storms
Recreation & Access
Planning
Incentive Programs
Infrastructure
Water Quality
Erosion
Environmental Justice
Economic Impacts
Aquatic Resources
Sea Level Rise
Environmental Health Hazards
Nature-based Solutions
Land Use
Habitat
Flooding

Funding

: May 19 – Apr 12, 2023

$100,000 - $1,000,000

National Fish and Wildlife Foundation’s (NFWF) National Coastal Resilience Fund (NCRF)

NFWF will award up to $140 million in grants to create and restore natural systems in order to increase protection for communities from coastal hazards, such as storms, sea- and lake-level changes, inundation, and coastal erosion, while improving habitats for fish and wildlife species. NFWF prioritizes projects that are community led or incorporate direct community engagement and benefit underserved communities facing disproportionate harm from climate impacts.

Flooding
Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Aquatic Resources
Planning
Extreme Weather & Storms
Community Engagement
Wetlands

Funding

: Apr 21 – Aug 18, 2023

Min $100K for Planning Grants, $500K for Implementation

PROTECT Discretionary Grant Program

Established through the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, the Promoting Resilient Operations for Transformative, Efficient, and Cost-Saving Transportation (PROTECT) Discretionary Grant Program aims to help make surface transportation more resilient to natural hazards, including climate change, sea level rise, flooding, extreme weather events, and other natural disasters. Funding is available for planning activities, resilience improvements, community resilience and evacuation routes, and at-risk costal infrastructure. Projects selected under this program should be grounded in the best available scientific understanding of climate change risks, impacts, and vulnerabilities, and should utilize innovative and collaborative approaches to risk reduction, including the use of nature-based solutions.

Flooding
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Infrastructure
Extreme Weather & Storms
Wetlands

Funding

: Feb 23 – Jun 30, 2023

Up to $1M

National Coastal Wetlands Conservation Grant Program

The National Coastal Wetlands Conservation Grant Program annually provides grants of up to $1 million to coastal and Great Lakes states, as well as U.S. territories to protect, restore and enhance coastal wetland ecosystems and associated uplands. Eligible projects include the acquisition of real property interest in coastal lands or waters and the restoration, enhancement, or management of coastal wetlands ecosystems.

Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Wetlands

Funding

: May 19 – Apr 20, 2023

$200,000 - $5M depending on category

America the Beautiful

Intended to streamline grant funding opportunities for new conservation and restoration projects around the U.S., the America the Beautiful Challenge consolidates funding from multiple federal agencies and the private sector to enable applicants to conceive and develop large-scale projects that address shared funder priorities and span public and private lands.

Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Planning
Recreation & Access
Community Engagement
Wetlands

Funding

: Mar 10 – May 5, 2023

$75,000 - $250,000 (~$800,000 total available- projected around 4-10 projects total)

National Estuary Program Coastal Watersheds Grant

The NEP Coastal Watersheds Grant Program is a nationally competitive grants program designed to support projects that address urgent and challenging issues threatening the well-being of coastal and estuarine areas within determined estuaries of national significance.

Flooding
Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Aquatic Resources
Stormwater Management
Water Quality
Infrastructure
Planning
Recreation & Access
Wetlands
Waste Management

Funding

: May 19, 2024

NA

General Atlantic Coastal Fish Habitat Partnership Habitat Conservation Project

In order to respond promptly to funding opportunities from various sources, ACFHP is soliciting applications for habitat conservation projects in need of funding that align with ACFHP’s objectives and priority habitats. The Request for Proposals is not linked to a specific funding source. Instead, newly submitted projects reviewed and approved by ACFHP will be added to our project database and recommended as funding becomes available.

Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Aquatic Resources
Water Quality
Recreation & Access
Community Engagement
Wetlands

Funding

: May 19, 2024

$500-$2M; Awards typically around $50K

National Fish Passage Funds

The National Fish Passage Program is a voluntary program that provides direct technical and financial assistance to partners. Activities that restore fish passage also support the modernization of the country’s infrastructure such as road culverts, bridges and water diversions.

Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Aquatic Resources
Infrastructure

Funding

: May 19, 2024

varies by program

Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) Programs

The NRCS offers a suite of programs and initiatives that provide technical and financial assistance to agricultural producers and landowners. Relevant programs include:
1) NRCS Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP)
ACEP helps landowners, land trusts, and other entities protect, restore, and enhance wetlands or protect working farms and ranches through conservation easements.
2) NRCS Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP)
The Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) is NRCS’ flagship conservation program that helps farmers, ranchers, and forest landowners integrate conservation into working lands.
3) NRCS Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP)
The Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) helps you build on your existing conservation efforts while strengthening your operation.
4) NRCS Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP)
The Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP) helps partners co-invest in impactful and innovative solutions to on-farm, watershed, and natural resource concerns.

Erosion
Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Water Quality
Incentive Programs
Wetlands

$250K-$3M

North American Wetlands Conservation Act (Act) Grants: U.S. Standard

The U.S. Standard Grants Program is a competitive, matching grants program that supports public-private partnerships carrying out projects in the United States that further the goals of the North American Wetlands Conservation Act (NAWCA). These projects must involve long-term protection, restoration, and/or enhancement of wetlands and associated uplands habitats for the benefit of all wetlands-associated migratory birds.

Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Wetlands

Funding

: Mar 1 – May 13, 2024

$50K - $1.5M

National Fish and Wildlife Foundation’s Long Island Sound Futures Fund

The Long Island Sound Futures Fund (LISFF) will be seeking proposals to restore the health and living resources of Long Island Sound (Sound) with approximately $12 million in funding in 2024. The program is managed by National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF) in collaboration with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Long Island Sound Study (LISS). Major funding is from EPA through the LISS with additional funding from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Avangrid Foundation.

Flooding
Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Aquatic Resources
Stormwater Management
Water Quality
Recreation & Access
Community Engagement
Wetlands
Waste Management
Green Infrastructure

Funding

: Jan 1 – Mar 31, 2024

Typically $40,000 - $150,000 (avg $75,000)

11th Hour Racing Grants

11th Hour Racing fosters systemic change to restore ocean health — our vision for the future includes cleaner, healthier waterways through strong local stewardship and collective action around the world. By supporting local pilot programs that model best practices of sustainability, restore coastal ecosystems, and advance ocean stewardship, our grantees are creating systemic change to restore ocean health. We are working toward a future of cleaner, healthier waterways through strong local stewardship and collective action around the world. 11th Hour Racing works to facilitate this transition by supporting local solutions to global problems, led by community organizations and industry leaders.

Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Community Engagement
Wetlands

Funding

: Oct 12 – Jan 23, 2024

$1B total available

FY23 Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities Grants (BRIC) – Connecticut

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC) grant program will support states, local communities, tribes and territories as they undertake hazard mitigation projects, reducing the risks they face from disasters and natural hazards. The BRIC program’s guiding principles are to support communities through capability and capacity building, encourage and enable innovation; promote partnerships, enable large projects, maintain flexibility, and provide consistency.

Flooding
Nature-based Solutions
Environmental Health Hazards
Sea Level Rise
Stormwater Management
Infrastructure
Planning
Extreme Weather & Storms

Funding

: Oct 12 – Jan 23, 2024

$800M total available

FY23 Flood Mitigation Assistance Grant Program – Connecticut

The Flood Mitigation Assistance grant program is a competitive program that provides funding to states, federally recognized Tribal governments, U.S. territories, and local governments. Since the National Flood Insurance Reform Act of 1994 was signed into law, funds are used for projects that reduce or eliminate the risk of repetitive flood damage to buildings insured by the National Flood Insurance Program.

Flooding
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Stormwater Management
Infrastructure
Planning
Extreme Weather & Storms

Funding

: Jun 13 – Jan 10, 2024

$200K - $4M

NERRS Habitat Protection and Restoration BIL Competition

The NOAA National Estuarine Research Reserve System (NERRS) Habitat Protection and Restoration Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) Competition will fund designated Reserve agencies and universities to conduct land acquisition and habitat restoration projects that support the NERRS mission. NOAA will strengthen protection of key land and water areas, improve climate resilience, enhance long-term protection of Reserve areas for research and education, and support the habitat protection goals and priorities of the National Coastal Zone Management Act.

Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Planning
Wetlands

Funding

: Sep 27 – Dec 1, 2023

$5,000-$100,000

Long Island Sound Community Impact Fund (LISCIF)

EPA Long Island Sound Study announced a new Environmental Justice (EJ) program focused on the Long Island Sound watershed. The Long Island Sound Community Impact Fund (LISCIF) will direct funds and technical assistance to communities experiencing or affected by adverse and disproportionate environmental and human health risks or harms.

Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Environmental Justice
Water Quality
Community Engagement
Wetlands

Funding

: Aug 15 – Nov 17, 2023

$1M - $25M

Transformational Habitat Restoration and Coastal Resilience Grants

This funding will prioritize habitat restoration actions that rebuild productive and sustainable fisheries, contribute to the recovery and conservation of threatened and endangered species, use natural infrastructure to reduce damage from flooding and storms, promote resilient ecosystems and communities, and yield socioeconomic benefits. This funding opportunity will invest in projects that have the greatest potential to provide holistic benefits, through habitat-based approaches that strengthen both ecosystem and community resilience.

Erosion
Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Aquatic Resources
Water Quality
Extreme Weather & Storms

Case Study

East Haddam Community Resilience Building Summary of Findings

With support from the Nature Conservancy and Sustainable CT, East Haddam organized a Community Resilience Building process and workshop, the results of which were compiled into this summary. The team engaged with community members to determine the present hazards and vulnerabilities and identify resilient solutions.

Water Quality
Waste Management
Wetlands
Community Engagement
Policies & Regulations
Funding/Grants
Extreme Weather & Storms
Recreation & Access
Infrastructure
Erosion
Stormwater Management
Aquatic Resources
Sea Level Rise
Nature-based Solutions
Land Use
Habitat
Flooding

Case Study

Scudders Pond Subwatershed Improvements

The Hempstead Harbor Protection Committee and Village of Sea Cliff completed subwatershed improvements at Scudders Pond to address stormwater drainage problems impacting the water quality of the pond and Hempstead Harbor, highlighted as a priority in the 1998 Hempstead Harbor Water Quality Improvement Plan. The improvements included dredging the pond, installing a hydrodynamic separator to intercept sediment, removing invasive Phragmites australis and replacing with native plants, realigning the stream to reduce erosion, redirecting the stormwater from residences to the bioswale, creation of a biofilter wetland area, replacement of the weir between the upper and lower ponds and weir at Shore Road.

Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Aquatic Resources
Stormwater Management
Water Quality
Infrastructure
Wetlands

Case Study

Fenwick Living Shoreline

The purpose of this project was to mitigate 450 ft of coastal erosion on the Long Island Sound. A part of Crab Creek was moved further inland, thus allowing for beach and dune migration over time. New rock sills, plants, and sand sills were also positioned along the shore.

Erosion
Flooding
Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Extreme Weather & Storms
Wetlands

Case Study

Hoffman Evergreen Preserve

This Avalonia and Sea Grant effort in Stonington, CT restored the preserve using native, well-researched plant species that would thrive in the forest and offer biodiversity. First, the area was cut down precisely to allow for new, ground-level growth. Then the preserve was seeded with plants chosen by the field team.

Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Community Engagement

Case Study

Dodge Paddock/Beal Preserve

This public greenspace was suffering from mosquito overpopulation, invasion from Phragmites, and poor tidal/stormwater drainage. The Wetland’s Habitat and Mosquito Management Program (WHAMM) created a new drainage area and tunnels, while also eliminating invasive plants. Then organizations and volunteers banded together to remove and replace invasive plant species with native plants.

Flooding
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Extreme Weather & Storms
Community Engagement
Wetlands

Case Study

New Haven, CT

New Haven Bioswales

The City of New Haven has installed 286 right-of-way bioswales throughout the city as part of a multifaceted approach to reducing flooding in the downtown area. Right-of-way bioswales are engineered planted areas that are located on sidewalks. They are designed to capture and infiltrate stormwater into the ground that would otherwise directly enter a storm drain. These bioswales were installed as the result of various partnerships and funding opportunities related to flood prevention, localized drainage solutions, combined sewer overflow mitigation, research, and traffic calming projects.

Project Lead

City of New Haven, Dept of Engineering

Project Partners

Urban Resources Initiative, EMERGE Inc., Save the Sound, Yale School of the Environment, and Quinnipiac University, among others.

Flooding
Nature-based Solutions
Stormwater Management
Water Quality
Green Infrastructure

Case Study

Stratford, CT

Stratford Point Living Shoreline & Tidal Wetland Restoration

This project consists of 750 feet of shoreline in Stratford, CT. The goal of the project was to protect the beach from coastal erosion and to help combat sea level rise. The steps consisted of adding a smooth cordgrass marsh, artificial shellfish reefs (reef balls), high marsh, and a coastal dune area. The site was awarded the “Best Restored Shore Area” from the American Shore and Beach Preservation Association. To adaptively manage the site, a second restoration project is being developed to extend the marsh seaward by 0.35 acres over an additional 250 feet of shore using a combination of bagged slipper shell and small, modular oyster castles near the marsh edge, along with additional cordgrass plantings in the intertidal zone.

Project Lead:

Sacred Heart University

Erosion
Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Aquatic Resources
Wetlands

Case Study

Stratford, CT

Restoration of the Great Meadows Marsh

This project restored 46 acres of the Great Meadows Marsh in Connecticut that was degraded from dredge material that was dumped on site, poor drainage, and sea level rise. The marsh was also overrun with invasive plants and mosquitoes. A controlled fire was started to kill the invasive reeds growing in the marsh. Then a construction crew removed invasive plants and the dumped dredge material. Lastly, channels were carefully dug for tidal flushing which will allow the marsh to keep pace with sea level rise. Soil hummocks were constructed for Salt Marsh Sparrow habitat. Now the area continues to be monitored, assessed for resiliency, and provides a field for innovative solutions to be tested in.

Partners

Trustees: USFWS, NOAA, State of Connecticut; Project Partners: Audubon Connecticut, Town of Stratford

Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Recreation & Access
Community Engagement
Wetlands

Case Study

Rain Gardens on Western Waterfront

Friends of the Bay installed two raingardens at the Western Waterfront, which was done in October 2021 with the help of volunteers.

Nature-based Solutions
Stormwater Management
Water Quality
Green Infrastructure

Case Study

Marsh Conservation Planning for Oyster Bay Cold Spring Harbor

In 2023, Long Island Sound Study, New York Sea Grant and Warren Pinnacle, in partnership with committed municipalities and marsh-conservation groups/organizations, developed a Plan to understand the benefits, threats and recommended conservation actions at seven focal areas across the harbors. The goal of the Plan is to inform local municipalities and marsh-conservation groups as to where they might focus their conservation efforts to maximize the conservation of marsh ecosystem services under sea-level rise conditions. Seven focal areas across Oyster Bay & Cold Spring Harbor: Frost Creek, Mill Neck Creek, West Shore Road, Bayville Bridge to Centre Island, Centre Island, Shore Road, and Lower Cold Spring Harbor.

Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Wetlands

Case Study

Marsh Conservation Planning for Stony Brook Harbor

In 2023, Long Island Sound Study and Warren Pinnacle, in partnership with committed municipalities and conservation groups/organizations, developed a Plan to understand the benefits, threats, and recommended conservation actions for the Stony Brook Harbor and West Meadow Creek marsh ecosystem. The goal of the Plan is to help inform conservation and restoration efforts to maximize marsh ecosystem services under rising sea levels.

Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Wetlands

Case Study

Crab Meadow Watershed Hydrology Study and Stewardship Plan

This comprehensive study and plan, funded through the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, Long Island Sound Futures Fund, identifies initial strategies to maintain and enhance the local watershed resources of Crab Meadow. It is meant to be a land management tool to guide the implementation of best practices. The plan was developed in consultation with many partners and stakeholders.

Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Aquatic Resources
Water Quality
Infrastructure
Recreation & Access
Wetlands

Case Study

Maidstone Landing Bluff Restoration

The Maidstone Landing Association, situated between Town of Riverhead Iron Pier Beach and Hallock State Park, wanted to take action to mitigate erosion of their bluff. First they worked with Town of Riverhead to put up signage and fencing to stop beachgoers from climbing and driving on or near the bluff, which was causing significant destruction. Next they opted for a small-scale, nature-based approach to help stabilize the bluff. They purchased snow fencing from Home Depot and native beachgrass from Long Island Natives. They engaged Riverhead Charter High School to help with putting up the snow fencing and the plantings. The Maidstone Landing Association is using their bluff as an “outdoor classroom” to teach students and the public about the importance of conserving our coastal habitats and best practices.

Erosion
Habitat
Nature-based Solutions

Case Study

Sunken Meadow State Park Restoration

Increased development and the historic construction of a dam on Sunken Meadow Creek in the 1950’s led to reduced tidal exchange, increased water levels in the creek, poor water quality, and the proliferation of invasive species. In 2008 a number of partners (NYS OPRHP, NOAA, NYSDEC, LISS, TNC, Save the Sound, USFWS, LI Botanical Society) came together to work to restore the degraded marsh habitat around Sunken Meadow Creek, increase tidal flow, improve aquatic organism passage, limit invasives, and improve water quality. A restoration feasibility study was completed in 2010. In 2012 Superstorm Sandy blew out the dam on Sunken Meadow Creek, naturally kick-starting restoration. Following Superstorm Sandy, the project partners were able to quickly capitalize on available funding and grants, due to their prior planning efforts. A bridge was built across the Creek where the dam blew out, salt marsh habitat was restored at three locations, green infrastructure was installed in one of the parking areas to capture and treat stormwater runoff, fish passage feasibility on the creek was investigated, and education and outreach was conducted to thousands of people. These projects were completed in 2019. Now, with funding through Long Island Sound Futures Fund, Audubon NY is leading a large-scale marsh restoration project at Sunken Meadow Creek to restore important high-marsh habitat for at risk species, like the Saltmarsh Sparrow, and to increase the resilience of the marsh in the face of rising sea levels. Audubon will be working to finalize the designs and secure permits over the next two years, with on-the-ground restoration expected in 2026.

Flooding
Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Water Quality
Recreation & Access
Wetlands

Case Study

Marsh Conservation Planning for Glen Island Park

In 2023, Long Island Sound Study and Warren Pinnacle, in partnership with Westchester County and conservation groups/organizations, have developed a Plan to understand the benefits of, threats to, and recommended conservation actions for marsh ecosystems on Glen Island Park in New Rochelle, NY. The goal of the Plan is to help inform conservation and restoration efforts to maximize marsh ecosystem services under rising sea levels.

Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Wetlands

Guidance Tool

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NYSDEC/NYSDOS Using Natural Measures to Reduce the Risk of Flooding and Erosion

This document developed in support of the NYS Community Risk and Resiliency Act 1) Describes natural resilience measures and how they can be used to mitigate the risks of flooding and erosion, 2) Provides definitions for different types of natural resilience measures and distinguishes among conserved, restored, nature-based and hard structural approaches, 3) Provides information on the value and benefits of using natural resilience measures, along with information on the co-benefits they provide, 4) Lists key factors to consider in the restoration, design and construction of natural resilience measures, and 5) Provides background to support the development of NYS agency guidance on natural resilience measures in the future

Erosion
Flooding
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Policies & Regulations

Guidance Tool

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NYSDEC Tidal Wetlands Guidance Document

The NYSDEC document is to provide guidance on the issuance of permits for living shorelines techniques in the Marine and Coastal District Waters of New York (the Marine District) and encourages the use of green or natural infrastructure.

Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Wetlands

Data

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NYSDEC Tidal Wetlands Trends Analysis

The Long Island Tidal Wetlands Trends Analysis measures wetlands loss and changes in marsh condition within the Long Island Sound, Peconic, and South Shore estuaries including all or parts of Westchester, Bronx, Queens, Nassau, and Suffolk Counties between 1974 and 2005/2008. The results of this project are intended for use by environmental managers, conservation advocates and elected officials across a variety of regulatory agencies, environmental organizations, and governments.

Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Wetlands

Guidance Tool

Level of Effort:

NYSDEC/NYSDOS Model Local Laws to Increase Resilience

The New York State Department of State worked with the Department of Environmental Conservation and other partners to create model local laws to help local governments be more resilient to sea-level rise, storm surge, and flooding. Cities, towns, and villages are invited to adapt model local laws to meet the resilience needs of the community with the assistance of their municipal attorneys.

Flooding
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Extreme Weather & Storms
Policies & Regulations
Wetlands

Guidance Tool

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NYSG Shoreline Management on Long Island

This fact sheet is intended to assist landowners in understanding the various shoreline management options and considerations for their shoreline.

Erosion
Nature-based Solutions
Wetlands

Guidance Tool

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NYSG Coastal Processes on Long Island

The purpose of this fact sheet is to assist landowners in identifying and understanding the primary causes and processes responsible for erosion.

Erosion
Nature-based Solutions

Guidance Tool

Level of Effort:

Promoting Nature-Based Hazard Mitigation Through FEMA Mitigation Grants

This guidance document is intended for stakeholders pursuing FEMA HMA grants for nature-based solutions to mitigate risks associated with flooding (riverine and coastal) and wildfire.

Flooding
Nature-based Solutions
Extreme Weather & Storms
Funding/Grants

Mapper

Level of Effort:

Road-Stream and Tidal Crossing Prioritization Tool – Suffolk County, Long Island

Developed by The Nature Conservancy, this tool identifies priority road-stream and tidal crossings in Suffolk County for replacement or upgrades. Prioritization is based on social and ecological criteria. Additionally, it includes data on current and future projected flooding and marsh extent under various sea level rise scenarios. The tool is meant to be a screening tool for planning efforts.

Flooding
Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Infrastructure
Wetlands

Mapper

Level of Effort:

TNC Coastal Resilience Tool

Coastal Resilience is a Connecticut-based decision support tool that provides local, regional, state and national stakeholders a step-wise process to guide decisions to reduce the ecological and socio-economic risks of coastal and inland hazards.

Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise

Guidance Tool

Level of Effort:

USGS Coastal Science Navigator

The Coastal Science Navigator is intended to help users discover USGS Coastal Change Hazards information, products, and tools relevant to their scientific or decision-making needs.

Flooding
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Wetlands

Website

Level of Effort:

Understanding Living Shorelines

NOAA overview of living shorelines and their benefits, steps to construction. There is a good map of places where they have been constructed around the US. It is a good place to get basic info about living shorelines, with appropriate links to more specific information like how to get a permit

Nature-based Solutions

Guidance Tool

Level of Effort:

CT DEEP Living Shorelines

CT state resource on living shorelines, with a few good fact sheets and pages about types of living shoreline techniques and permitting for our state. There is also a list of pilot projects in CT.

Nature-based Solutions

Website

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CLEAR: Rain Garden App

A website and a downloadable app for your mobile device. The resource has information about rain gardens, designing, selecting plants, and installing a garden on your property.

Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Stormwater Management
Water Quality

Mapper

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USGS Coastal Wetland Synthesis Mapper

This mapper is intended to provide federal, state, and local managers with tools to estimate the vulnerability and ecosystem service potential of wetlands. It allows you to display information on the unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, tidal range, and shoreline change rates for New York’s tidal wetlands.

Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Wetlands

Guidance Tool

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NOAA Digital Coast – Ecosystem Services

Healthy ecosystems provide a wide range of benefits, from recreational opportunities to storm surge protection. These benefits are often referred to as ecosystem services. Understanding how changes to the ecosystem may affect these benefits should play a role in the community’s decision making process. This page provides a guide to learning more and key NOAA Digital Coast resources useful for this task.

Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Environmental Health Hazards
Economic Impacts
Environmental Justice
Water Quality
Infrastructure
Wetlands

Guidance Tool

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EPA Green Infrastructure

Includes information about preparing for, and implementing green infrastructure with helpful links to other fact sheets and resources.

Nature-based Solutions
Stormwater Management

Plan

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Expanding FEMA’s Benefit Cost Analysis: Chittenden Living Shoreline Case Study

An effort by Save the Sound and Earth Economics to identify opportunities for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and other federal agencies and funders to improve the ability of benefit-cost analysis tools to account for ecosystem-based benefits.

Nature-based Solutions
Economic Impacts
Policies & Regulations
Wetlands

Guidance Tool

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FEMA BUILDING COMMUNITY RESILIENCE WITH NATURE-BASED SOLUTIONS: A Guide for Local Communities

The primary goal of this guide is to help communities identify and engage the staff and resources that can be used to implement nature-based solutions to build resilience to natural hazards, which may be exacerbated by climate change.

Erosion
Flooding
Nature-based Solutions

Guidance Tool

Level of Effort:

FEMA BUILDING COMMUNITY RESILIENCE WITH NATURE-BASED SOLUTIONS: Strategies for Success

This guide gives community leaders five main strategies to carry out Nature-Based Solution projects: 1) Building Strong Partnerships, 2) Engaging the Whole Community, 3) Matching Project Size With Desired Goals and Benefits, 4) Maximizing Benefits, and 5) Designing for the Future. This is not a technical guide for planning, constructing or funding NBS. It covers the value of each strategy and suggests how to move forward with NBS projects.

Erosion
Flooding
Habitat
Nature-based Solutions
Stormwater Management
Extreme Weather & Storms
Wetlands

Guidance Tool

Level of Effort:

Georgetown Climate Center Managed Retreat Toolkit

This toolkit features legal and policy tools, best and emerging practices, and case studies to support learning and decision making around managed retreat and climate adaptation. It is meant to be used by state, territorial, and local policymakers in U.S. coastal jurisdictions

Flooding
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Infrastructure
Policies & Regulations

Incentive Program

Long Island Garden Rewards Program

This program provides financial rewards for homeowners on Long Island who add green alternatives to their properties that benefit the environment. It also provides guidance on how to install green alternatives on your property.

Nature-based Solutions
Stormwater Management
Water Quality
Incentive Programs

Mapper

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LISS Marsh Viewer

The purpose of the interactive viewer is to illustrate the fate of significant marsh systems on Long Island Sound under future Sea-Level Rise conditions. Model results are combined with tax-parcel information and integrated with information about marsh ecosystem services to assist municipalities and conservation groups in defining and assessing various land-management alternatives.

Flooding
Habitat
Land Use
Nature-based Solutions
Sea Level Rise
Wetlands

Website

Level of Effort:

Living Shorelines Academy

Learn about living shorelines and their benefits to communities. This website contains training modules, a white papers database, a database of living shoreline projects, professionals directory, and online forum.

Nature-based Solutions